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周易參同契釋義

周易參同契釋義
書名: 周易參同契釋義
作者 任法融
語言 简体中文
國際書號: 7560405649
地區 西安
年份 1993
平均評分: 暫沒評分

序                                          張豈之                        (1)
總論                                                                          (1)
一、《周易參同契》其書及作者考                      (1)
二、《周易參同契》的主要內容                          (2)
鼎爐                                                                         (4)
藥物                                                                         (5)
一、坎離                                                                  (5)
甲、坎離代日月                                                      (5)
乙、坎離源於乾坤                                                  (6)
丙、坎離代元坤與元精                                          (6)
丁、坎離在人類代表男女                                      (6)
戊、坎離在煉外丹代鉛砂                                      (6)
巳、坎離代魂魄                                                      (7)
1、魂魄為陰陽                                                        (7)
2、魂魄為元神與元精                                            (7)
3、修煉內丹的關鍵是使魂魄合一                        (7)
庚、坎離在自然界及其在丹道中的應用              (8)
辛、坎離代龍虎                                                      (8)
1、龍虎之借名                                                        (8)
2、龍虎歸降之後的景象                                        (8)
3、龍虎在自然界主生殺之權                                (8)
4、龍虎在自然界中相交互用之關係                    (9)
二、水、火、土                                                    (10)
甲、水火土三物之用                                            (10)
乙、水火二物之用                                                (11)
丙、金水之用                                                        (11)
丁、砂銀之用                                                        (12)
戊、木水火土之用                                                (12)
三、土                                                                    (12)
甲、土在五行中的含義及作用                            (12)
1、土在五行中的生克作用                                  (12)
2、土旺四季                                                          (13)
乙、土在丹道中的含義及運用                             (13)
1、土在丹道中仍為藥物                                       (13)
2、土在人身為意                                                   (13)
丙、土在燒煉外丹時的含義及運用                      (13)
日月                                                                          (14)
甲、日月配元精與元神                                          (14)
乙、日月互養之關係                                              (14)
丙、日月之借名                                                      (14)
1、金烏、玉兔                                                        (15)
2、蟾蜍(金蛤蟆)、玉老鴇                                (15)
火候                                                                           (16)
一、采藥                                                                   (17)
二、進火、退符                                                       (17)
甲、小周天的進火退符之法                                   (17)
1、進火                                                                     (17)
2、退符                                                                     (18)
乙、大周天的進火退符之法                                   (18)
1、進火                                                                     (18)
2、退符                                                                     (18)
藥物劑量                                                                    (19)
關於丹之命名                                                            (21)
甲、真丹                                                                    (21)
乙、金丹                                                                    (21)
丙、金華                                                                    (21)
丁、秋石                                                                    (22)
戊、黃芽                                                                    (22)
己、黃舉                                                                    (22)
庚、還丹                                                                    (22)
辛、靈丹                                                                    (22)
壬、神丹                                                                    (23)
癸、內丹                                                                    (23)
自然界                                                                        (24)
一、十二辰的作用和目的                                        (24)
二、歲星恒星之運度                                                (25)
三、動植物與星運之關係                                        (25)
河圖與洛書                                                                (27)
一、河圖                                                                    (27)
二、洛書                                                                    (29)
甲、洛書的來歷                                                        (29)
乙、九宮的造法                                                        (30)
丙、九宮圖的數學意義                                            (31)
丁、三天兩地的根由                                                (32)
戊、九宮圖與太極圖                                                (32)
《周易參同契》釋義                                                (34)
上篇                                                                            (34)
第一章                                                                        (34)
第二章                                                                        (45)
第三章                                                                        (49)
第四章                                                                        (51)
第五章                                                                        (57)
第六章                                                                        (64)
第七章                                                                        (68)
第八章                                                                        (73)
第九章                                                                        (75)
第十章                                                                        (77)
第十一章                                                                    (79)
第十二章                                                                   ( 83)
第十三章                                                                    (85)
第十四章                                                                    (87)
第十五章                                                                    (89)
第十六章                                                                    (93)
中篇                                                                            (96)
第一章                                                                        (96)
第二章                                                                        (98)
第三章                                                                      (104)
第四章                                                                      (112)
第五章                                                                      (120)
第六章                                                                      (126)
第七章                                                                      (131)
第八章                                                                      (134)
第九章                                                                      (136)
第十章                                                                      (138)
第十一章                                                                  (140)
第十二章                                                                  (143)
下篇                                                                          (146)
第一章                                                              

        序    
        張豈之   
        我和任法融道長相識時間很久,他住在西安市西邊周至縣的樓觀。我經常去那裡參觀,每次都得到他熱情的接待。1992年5月在西安開老子思想研討會,我陪同與會的朋友用了一整天的時間去樓觀參觀,和法融道長等進行了座談,大家還作了書法藝術表演。任法融道長對道家學說和道教頗有研究,寫過《道德經釋義》。不久前完成《(周易參同契>釋義》稿,交給省人民政府鞏德順秘書長看。德順同志是陝西省老子思想研究會副會長,對於道家思想和道教學說的研究非常支持,由於他公務繁忙,便將稿子交給我。我對《周易參同契》沒有深入的研究,只是過去在研究東漢時期思想史時,接觸過這部書。我讀了任法融道長的稿子後,得到不少知識。    
        東晉時葛洪的《神仙傳》,為《周易參同契》的作者——東漢時魏伯陽立了傳。傳裡有這樣的話:"伯陽作《參同契》、《五相類》凡二卷,其說為解釋《周易》,其實假借爻象以論作丹之意。而儒者不知神仙之事,多作陰陽注之,殊失其奧旨矣。”(《雲笈七簽》鄭一百九)這個論斷比較客觀。東漢時期講煉丹術的《周易參同契》,在當時並未受到人們的重視。唐代以後,在北宋時期,《周易參同契》才受到理學家的青睞。現存關於《周易參同契》的注本約有四十多種。    
        關於《周易參同契》的主旨,歷來有不同的看法。人們對於  此書宣傳的丹術理論也有不同的理解。當代有些學者認為此書將《周易》的宇宙結構論和“內煉為主、服食為輔”的丹術理論加以  結合。這個說法比較切實可信。這部書不光是講丹術,還講哲學;正因為此,兩宋時期理學家用敦頤、邵雍、朱熹等都重視此書。也正因為此,從本世紀30年代開始,此書被譯成英文,以後逐漸受  到國際學術界的注意。   
僅從丹術理論方面說,不少學者稱《周易參同契》,“以內煉為主,服食為輔”,不是沒有道理的。在中國早期道家學說中,含有豐富的關於養生的原理。當然,道家學說和道教不是一回事,它  們之間有聯繫也有區別。在東漢時期形成的道教,有些保留了早期道家的“內修”養生理論,但是已有改造和變形。從東漢到魏  晉時期,儒、道二家學說有融合趨勢,形成魏晉玄學;儒學的某  些宇宙論觀點和道教也有結合,這種結合的趨勢早在《周易參同  契》一書中已有跡象。    
        任法融道長在《周易參同契釋義•總論》中有這樣的話:    
        “……《易》曰……由以上論述可以看出,《參同契》是借  《周易》卦爻象數之象徵性符號,又以天文律曆圖讖等術語作比喻,  其核心內容是以修煉內丹為主旨、長壽成仙為目的,其要意是以  陰陽二氣的配合,進退變化,闡明修煉的功理及功法。”   
        我覺得這個看法和《周易參同契》的要旨相符。確實,《周易參同契》是一部講長生不老和成仙的書。“長壽”是人們應當爭取的,但是“成仙”則是人們的想像。因而對於這部書仍然要進行  分析,吸取其中對人們有益的東西(某些關於修煉以及氣功的原  理,對人們的保健是有好處的),拋棄那些不實在的東西。    
        任法融道長用了多年時間從事《周易參同契》研究,現在有  了成果,這是值得慶賀的事。關於《周易參同契》的“注”簡明  扼要,便於讀者參考。但我覺得有些不足,如果在“注”中能點出過去的注本中對某一詞某一字義有何看法,為何要像現在這麼講解,這也許對讀者的幫助會更大一些。“譯”,有些是意譯,例如關於鼎器歌的意譯,現代漢語寫得似乎略長了一些,這就留下了一些值得商榷的問題。本來古漢語,特別是古奧的古漢語如何譯成現代漢語,專家們也沒有一致的意見,總之這是一件非常難做的事。任法融道長做了,這就為百家爭鳴貢獻了力量。總之任法融道長的研究成果的出版對於中國道教的研究是有貢獻的。
       1993年6月14日于西北大學
 

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