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出版社

 

成語故事

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化書

化書
書名: 化書
作者 李似珍 丁禎彥 譚峭
語言 繁體中文
國際書號: 7101013880
地區 北京
年份 1996
出版社: 中華書局
平均評分: 暫沒評分

譚峭化書的社會思想和哲學思想(代序) (1)
    卷一  道化                       (1)
    蛇雀                             (2)
    老楓                             (2)
    耳目                             (3)
    環舞                             (3)
    鉛丹                             (4)
    形影                             (5)
    蟄藏                             (5)
    梟鷄                             (6)
    四鏡                             (6)
    射虎                             (7)
    龍虎                             (8)
    遊雲                             (8)
    噦嚥                             (9)
    大化                             (9)
    正一                             (10)
    天地                             (11)
    稚子                             (12)
    陽燧                             (12)
    死生                             (13)
    爪髪                             (13)
    神道                             (14)
    神交                             (14)
    大含                             (15)
卷二 
    術化                             (17)
    雲龍                             (17)
    猛虎                             (18)
    用神                             (18)
    水竇                             (19)
    魍魎                             (20)
    虛無                             (20)
    虛實                             (20)
    狐狸                             (21)
    轉舟                             (21)
    心變                             (22)
    珠玉                             (23)
    蠮螉                             (23)
    胡夫                             (23)
    陰陽                             (24)
    海魚                             (25)
    磵松                             (25)
    動靜                             (26)
    聲氣                             (26)
    大同                             (27)
    帝師                             (28)
    琥珀                             (28)
卷三 
    德化                             (29)
    五常                             (29)
    飛蛾                             (30)
    異心                             (30)
    弓矢                             (30)
    聰明                             (31)
    有國                             (32)
    黃雀                             (33)
    籠猿                             (33)
    常道                             (34)
    感喜                             (35)
    太醫                             (35)
    讒語                             (36)
    刻畫                             (36)
    酒醴                             (37)
    恩賞                             (38)
    養民                             (38)
卷三 
    仁化                             (40)
    得一                             (40)
    五行                             (41)
    畝漁                             (41)
    犧牲                             (42)
    太和                             (43)
    墨魚                             (44)
    神弓                             (44)
    救物                             (45)
    書道                             (45)
    鳳鴟                             (46)
    知人                             (46)
    螻蟻                             (47)
    歌舞                             (48)
    躑躅                             (48)
    止鬭                             (49)
    象符                             (49)
    善惡                             (50)
卷五 
    食化                             (51)
    七奪                             (51)
    巫像                             (52)
    養馬                             (52)
    絲綸                             (53)
    奢僭                             (53)
    燔骨                               
 

譚峭化書的社會思想和哲學思想(代序)
        (一)《化書》舊名《齊邱子》,南唐時宋齊邱撰。此說見於宋初張耒《書宋齊邱化書後》、馬令《南唐書》和晁公武《郡齋讀書志》。然與宋齊邱同時代之陳摶則以為非。據陳景元(號碧虛子)《化書後序》記載,陳摶曾與其弟子張無夢言:“我師友譚景昇,始於終南山著《化書》,因游三茅,經歷建康,見齊邱有僊風道骨,雖溺於機智,而異乎黃埃稠人,……乃出《化書》授齊邱曰:‘是書之化,其化無窮,願子序之,流於後世。於是杖靸而去。齊邱奪為己有而序之耳。噫!昔向秀述《南華解義》,未傳而死,郭象偷解成注,誠罪人也。今譚君名刻於自簡,身不老於人間,齊邱敢縱其盜心,蔽其僊跡,其罪尤著也。’”明弘治劉達刻本《化書》後序、明天啟刻本《化書》序等均據此認為譚峭著,齊邱竊之。或又有此書雖譚峭所作、其中某些部份可能經齊邱增改之說,如王世貞便謂“是書也,吾以為齊邱必竄入其自著十之一、二,而後掩為己有”。眾說紛紜,莫衷一是。然從齊、譚生平來看,宋齊邱為豫章(今屬江西省)人,歷任五代十國時吳國左諫議兵部侍郎、右僕射平章事、洪州節度使等職。於七十三歲去世前,一直在政界沉浮,雖酷好術數,卻與道教理論無緣,此與《化書》修煉內丹、憤世嫉時之旨相去甚遠。而譚峭則終生學道,與《化書》風格較接近,故本點校本且棄齊邱撰作舊說而遵陳景元考定譚峭為《化書》作者。至於書中是否有齊邱之論贅入,則有待于進一步的考證。
        譚峭生平,《新五代史》僅及一句,沈汾《續僊傳》記載最詳。言譚峭字景昇,唐國子司業譚洙之子。“幼而聰明,及長頗涉經史,強記,問無不知,屬文清麗。洙訓以進士為業,而峭不然,逈好黃、老諸子及周穆、漢武、茅君,列仙內轉,靡不精究”。後辭父出遊,歷終南、太白、太行、王屋、華山、泰嶽等名山大川。又師於嵩山道士十餘年,得辟轂養氣之術。惟以酒為樂,常醉騰騰雲遊各地。最後終老於青城山。他的出走學道,亦可視為對現實社會的一種消極反叛。可惜的是《續僊傳》不記譚峭的生卒年月,也沒有關於《化書》的記載,《十國春秋》雖有齊邱奪《化書》事,但又頗具神僊色彩。此外,《道藏》有譚峭號紫霄真人的記載,餘嘉錫《四庫提要辨證》亦同此說,然陸遊、馬令《南唐書》《十國春秋》等書卻又謂紫霄隱廬山棲隱洞,敘其行狀與沈汾所記迥異,似乎譚峭與譚紫霄為二人。這些至今仍無定論。.............

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